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November 3, 2013

Furniture handle surface finishing method and graphic illustration

Furniture handles surface finishing method and graphic illustration

When you come to a furniture hardware store, especially a furniture handle shop or cabinet knob mart, or even you come together with your friend to furniture market, such as IKEA store, you will find furniture handles and cabinet knobs in different color.

But do you know what is the professional expression of color in furniture industries and furniture business?

And do you know finishing art of various furniture handle and cabinet knob?

 

We had a color code to introduce the abbreviation of color, and their English name, Chinese name, and finishing art.

You can have a better conversation with your Chinese furniture hardware vendor with this color code, due to you had common sense of color with Chinese vendor, that is very important.

 

Today Mr.Jerry from U.S.A (one of our respected client) suggest us to have picture for each color would be better to understand,

it is REALLY a good idea.

Today, we are going to do this job.

 

Firstly, we should have some basic knowledge of surface finishing method of furniture handle and cabinet knob.

1: What is surface finishing?

In a nut shell, surface finishing changes surface looking of items, it can be done on metal item and non metal item,

and after surface finishing the item has a new appearance, whatever it is decorating purpose or anti rusting hope.

 

2: Common surface finishing method,

There are many way to do surface finishing.

A: Galvanization (Electro-plating)

It is very common in furniture handle, electronic connector.

It has the function of decoration and anti rust.

We have a detail introduction about galvanization, please click here

 

B: Anodizing, namely oxidizing.

It is a electro chemical reaction; it is an electrolytic oxidation process.

Put furniture handle and cabinet in special acid tank is ok.

The function of anodizing is anti rusting, decorating, insulating and increasing hardness.

You can a lot of aluminum profile, aluminum furniture handle in anodized finishing, why?

I think you are as well informed as I am that the aluminum is little soft, you can break off an aluminum profile with hand,

and oxidizing has the function of improving hardness and anti rusted,

that is why so many handle and knob in anodizing finishing, whatever in bright oxidized or matte oxidized, or other color.

Bright Oxidized has another name, it is glossy oxidized, it is a little bright than the original color of aluminum profile.

Anodizing finishing is a chemical reaction, and you can see a little reflection from it, but not like mirror chrome finishing.

Here is an example of glossy oxidized,

Bright Anodized and Chrome plated furniture foot

Bright Oxidized aluminum tube,Chrome plated base

 

 Matte oxidized is a chemical reaction as well, but it is a little darker than aluminum profile color, you can’t see reflection before it.

 

Champagne oxidized is not difficult to understand, it is a oxidized finishing with champagne color.

 

Iron oxidized is an anodizing finishing with a color of Iron.

 

Black anodizing is an oxidizing finishing with black color.

C: Chemical conversion coating.

Chemical conversion is a chemical reaction, with the help of chemical and electricity, furniture handle and cabinet knob will be eroded to form a coating to prevent rusty.

There are two kinds of chemical conversion, electro chemical conversion and chemical conversion.

Electro chemical conversion is namely anodizing or oxidizing, with help of electricity and chemical, it is a electro chemical reaction.

Chemical conversion is without the help of electricity, it is chemical reaction.

 

Normal chemical conversion coating examples

1)       Blackening.

It is a method to make iron or steel to blue or black.

Decoration purpose.

2)       Phosphating.

Phosphating is method to improving adhesive strength of handle surface;

it is normally together with painting surface finishing.

3)       Chromating.

Chromating is method of anti rusting and removal oil.

4)       Metal colouring

Metal colouring if a color decoration method.

 

D: Painting finishing, namely spray finishing.

It is very normal ,you can see a lot of items in this finishing.

No need to have detail explains about this.

But you should know that painting is different with powder coating.

 

E: Powder coating.

Powder coating is high-temperature electrostatic spraying,

Powder coating surface is similar like painting, but more complicated and expensive than painting.

Painting is dispersing compressed liquid coatings (commonly known as paint) adhere to the surface to be painted by a spray rod, and powder coating is dispersing compress liquid coating adhere on the surface in a high-voltage electrostatic surroundings, and then in a high temperature machine to melt the powder.

 

F: Hot Dip,

Hot dip is not electro plating.

Electro plating is chemical reaction, but hot dip is a physical reaction.

Put furniture handle and cabinet knob in a melted metal tank, such as zinc tank.

 

It is long article, let’s keep forward to explain different furniture color one by one.

1: A

A is the abbreviation of Acrylic,

Acrylic is a material, it is like glass, but not easy to broken, transparent color normally.

Now days you can see a lot of gift in acrylic material,

If you make a furniture handle or cabinet knob in acrylic material,

The color will be Acrylic.

Acrylic furniture handle

 

 

2: AB

AB is he abbreviation of Antique Bronze handle,

It is an electro plating finishing, zinc handle in antique bronze a lot.

Widely using in antique furniture.

Antique Bronze handle

 

3: AC

AC is the abbreviation of Antique Copper cabinet knob

It is an electro plating finishing like AB, but color is different.

Widely using in antique furniture.

Antique Copper cabinet knob

 

 

4: AI

AI is the abbreviation of Antique Iron furniture pull.

Electro plating finishing as well.

Widely using in antique furniture

Antique Iron furniture pull

 

 

5:AP

AP is the abbreviation of Antique Pewter zinc handle,

It is electro plating finishing as well.

Widely using in antique furniture

Antique Pewter zinc handle

 

 

6: AS

As is the abbreviation of Antique Silver handle

It is electro plating finishing as well.

Antique Silver handle

 

7: BA

BA is the abbreviation of Black Anodized aluminum handle.

It is a anodizing finishing.

Black Anodized aluminum handle

 

8: BN

BN is the abbreviation of Brush Nickel handle

Firstly, it should be electro plated in Nickel color.

Secondly, draw wire on the surface with a sand paper,

Lastly, painting rusting proof lacquer

Brush Nickel handle

Brush Nickel handle

 

9: BN

BN is the abbreviation of Black Nickel antique handle as well.

It is a color like an old gun.

Firstly, it should be electro plated in old gun Nickel color.

Secondly, draw wire on the surface with a sand paper,

Lastly, painting rusting proof lacquer

Black Nickel antique handle

Black Nickel handle

 

 

10: BN + NP

BN + NP is the abbreviation of Brush Nickel and Nickel Plated handle

It is similar with Brush Nickel,

If you draw wire on all the surface of handle, it will be full brush nickel,

But if you draw wire on parts of surface of handle, it will be BN+NP,

Due to some part is looks like brush nickel, but some part keep the nickel plated finishing.

Brush Nickel and Nickel Plated handle

Brush Nickel and Nickel Plated furniture handle

 

11: BNA

BNA is the abbreviation of Brush Nickel Anodized aluminum handle.

Firstly, it should be Nickel Anodized,

And then brush wire on it with sand paper.

Brush Nickel Anodized aluminum handle

Brush Nickel Anodized aluminum handle

 

12: BO

BO is the abbreviation of Black Oil Spray handle,

It is a painting finishing.

Black Oil Spray handle

Black Oil Spray handle

 

13: BP

BP is the abbreviation of Bright Polishing pull.

Polishing it with sand machine first, and then anodizing it to glossy.

It is a way to make the surface without wire or grain.

Normally on aluminum profile.

Bright Polishing pull

Bright Polishing pull.

 

14: BS

BS is the abbreviation of Bright Sanding aluminum handle.

Polishing it with sand machine, and then spray sand on it, finally anodize it.

Surface looks like matte, and you can see there is a little sand covered by paint on it.

Bright Sanding aluminum handle

Bright Sanding aluminum handle
it is an oxidizing finishing

 

15: CP

CP is the abbreviation of Chrome Plating, also known as mirror chrome plated handle.

Due to the surface has the function of reflection.

It is an electro plating arts.

Chrome plated handle

Chrome Plating handle, mirror finishing, polishing chrome

 

16: CP+E

CP+E is the abbreviation of Chrome Plating with Expoy.

There is a decorating part in glue; actually it is a kind of plastic.

Melting it and then put it into the reserved slot on the furniture handle.

Decoration method.

Chrome Plating with Expoy wood handle

Chrome plating with glum, like plastic handle

 

17: CP+GP

CP+GP is the abbreviation of Chrome Plated with Grainy Paper wood handle.

Some people like the feeling of wood furniture, due to it has a special wood grain surface.

There is grainy paper, which can be adhere to the surface of handle, to make it looks like a wood furniture,

or some part of the furniture handle has the feeling of wood.

Decoration method.

Due to the physical action of expand when heated and contract when cooled, grainy paper will be drop off if not treated well .

Chrome Plated with Grainy Paper wood handle.

Bright Oxidized with Grainy Paper

 

18: MC

MC is the abbreviation of Matte Chrome cabinet handle

It is an electro plating finishing.

Firstly, polish it with sand machine.

Secondly, spray sand silicon sand on it.

Thirdly, electro plating chrome it.

Lastly, spray lacquer on it to make it smoothness.

Feature: Not reflect and looks like sand under it.

Matte Chrome cabinet handle

Matte Chrome cabinet handle

 

19: MG

MG is the abbreviation of Matte Gold furniture handle,

It is an electro plating finishing.

Firstly, polish it with sand machine.

Secondly, spray sand silicon sand on it.

Thirdly, electro plating gold it.

 

20: MO

MO is the abbreviation of Matte Oxidized cabinet pull

It is an anodizing finishing.

Firstly, polish it with sand machine.

Secondly, spray sand silicon sand on it.

Thirdly, oxidizing it’s matte surface.

Matte Oxidized cabinet pull

Matte Oxidized cabinet pull

 

21: NP

NP is the abbreviation of Nickel Plating modern handle.

It is an electro plating finishing.

It is a very common color, looks like a little darker than champagne

Nickel Plating modern handle

Brush Nickel and Nickel Plated  modern handle

 

22: OP

OP is the abbreviation of Oil Painting handle.

You can have various color according to different paints.

Oil Painting handle

Silver Oil painting handle

 

23: OS

OS is the abbreviation of  Oxidized Silver cabinet hinger.

It is a anodizing finishing to make furniture handle and cabinet knob looks like silver.

Oxidized Silver cabinet hinge

Oxidized Silver

 

24: OSP

OSP is the abbreviation of Oil Silver Painting aluminum handle.

It is a painting finishing.

Color maybe like Oxidized silver, but feeling is different.

Oil Silver Painting aluminum handle

Oil Silver Painting aluminum handle

 

25: OW

OW is the abbreviation of Off-White ceramic handle.

It is a painting finishing.

Lot of ceramic handle and knob using this finishing.

Off-White ceramic handle

Off-White ceramic handle

 

 

26: PC

PC is the abbreviation of Pearl Chrome drawer knob.

It is an electro plating finishing.

Producing process same as chrome plating, but color like pearl.

Pearl Chrome drawer knob

Pearl Chrome drawer knob

 

27: PG

PG is the abbreviation of Pearl Gold.

It is an electro plating finishing.

Producing process same as chrome plating, but plating gold on it, and surface looks like pearl.

 

 

28: PN

PN is the abbreviation of Pearl Nickel closet knob.

Pearl Nickel is an electro plating finishing.

Producing process is same as nickel plating, but add some chemical product on it to enable it to be matte, and has a white coating.

Pearl Nickel closet knob

Pearl Nickel closet knob

 

29: RAI

RAI is the abbreviation of Rolling Antique Iron classic handle.

Rolling Antique Iron is a rolling method of electro plating.

As we knob Electro plating mainly has two ways.

Rack plating is plating on a rack, suitable for large item, charged by piece.

Rolling Plating is plating on a rolling bucket, suitable for small item, charge by bucket.

Rolling Antique Iron classic handle

Rolling Antique Iron classic handle

 

30: RAP.

RAP is the abbreviation of Rolling Antique Pewter class handle.

RAP is a rolling electro plating method in pewter color.

Rolling Antique Pewter class handle

Rolling Antique Pewter class handle

 

31: RCA

RCA is the abbreviation of Rolling Coffee Antique handle.

Rolling Coffee Antique is rolling electro plating finishing in coffee color.

Rolling Coffee Antique handle

Rolling Coffee Antique handle

 

32: ROS

ROS is the abbreviation of Red Oil Spray modern handle .

It is an oil painting finishing, firstly gold plated, then spray red oil.

Red Oil Spray modern handle

Red Oil Spray modern handle

 

33: SB

SB is the abbreviation of Spray Beige diamond handle.

Spray beige color oil on to your furniture handle, and you got a SB finishing handle.

Spray Beige diamond handle

Spray Beige diamond handle

 

34: SBN

SBN is the abbreviation of Steel Brush Nickel stainless steel handle.

We all know that Stainless steel is rust proof, and always glossy.

Steel Brush Nickel is a physical finishing on steel, polishing it with sand paper or sand bench to enable it has some grain on it, color is looks like nickel.

Price is not cheap.

Steel Brush Nickel stainless steel handle

Steel Brush Nickel stainless steel handle

 

35: SC

SC is the abbreviation of Satin Chrome aluminum handle.

It also named as pearl chrome.

Producing process same as chrome plating, but after adding some chemical product on it the color like pearl.

Satin Chrome aluminum handle

Satin Chrome aluminum handle

 

36: SN

SN is the abbreviation of Satin Nickel cabinet drawer knob.

It is same as Brush Nickel.

Electro plating the handle with Nickel, and then make it looks like satin with sand paper or sand bench machine.

Satin Nickel cabinet drawer knob

Satin Nickel cabinet drawer knob

 

37: SO

SO is the abbreviation of Sliver Oil painting plastic handle.

It is a painting finishing in silver color.

Sliver Oil painting plastic handle

Sliver Oil painting on two sides

 

38: SP

SP is the abbreviation of  Sanding Plating.

Sanding plating has two steps.

First, spray sand on the surface, such as silicon sand, sea sand, copper sand, quartz sand.

Second, electro plating the surface in color as you want, such as antique copper, gold, silver.

Feature is not smooth and you can see there is a little sand on the surface.

 

 

39: SP+SB

SP+SB is the abbreviation of Sand plating and then Spray Beige oil on it.

Silver Painting and Spray Beige crystal handle

Silver Painting and Spray Beige crystal handle

 

40: WO

WO is the abbreviation of White Oil gold plated cabinet knob.

It is a painting finishing.

 

White Oil gold plated cabinet knob

 

41: YO

YO is the abbreviation of Yellow OilWhite Oil gold plated cabinet knob

It is a painting finishing.

You can see a lot in paint oil store or factory.

 

42: ROP

ROP is the abbreviation of Rubber Oil Painting,

It is a painting finishing.

Feature is looks like rubber, soft and nice touch feeling.

Lot of water glass and mobile case in rubber oil painting.

Rubber Oil Painting iphone case

Rubber Oil Painting iphone case

 

43: WTP

WTP is the abbreviation of .

It is a technology of water transfer printing.

I had a detail introduce of the handle in my previous post

 

Color could be wood grain, stone grain, leopard, snake skin and yourself design.

Leopard-printing-furniture-handle Stone-grained-furniture-handle Wood-grained-furniture-handle

 

LOL, we finish the article till now.

We produce furniture hardware for 14 years, such as furniture handle, cabinet knob, sofa leg, cloth hook, glass clip, decorations.

Over 8000 models for your choice.

Little MOQ=500PCS normally.

Check our website to find your handle and knob at

www.speciallinktochina.com

www.furniturehandle.net

Technical Articles
About Damon Yuan
Marketing manager of Special LTC Industrial Co.,Limited Experienced furniture hardware factory since 1999 from Dongguan, China.We are specialized in producing furniture handles, cabinet knobs and furniture feet and more.
3 Comments
  1. […] Lear more about all furniture handle surface finishing methods with picture here. […]

  2. […] We have a detail article about the different finishing and brief introduction, each finishing has a real picture for your better understanding. Furniture hardware surface finishing. […]

  3. […] If you wanna to have a better understanding of the different color of handles and its related producing process and name, check this article Furniture handle surface finishing method and graphic illustration […]

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